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World Food Programme | Five things to know about 2020 Nobel Peace Prize winner

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WFP delivers meals help in emergencies, from wars to civil conflicts, pure disasters and famines.

The UN’s World Food Programme, which received the 2020 Nobel Peace Prize, delivers meals help in emergencies, from wars to civil conflicts, pure disasters and famines.

Here are 5 details about the Rome-based organisation:

Beginnings

Created in 1962 on the request of US President Dwight Eisenhower as an experiment to present meals support via the UN system, WFP had solely existed a couple of months when an earthquake struck northern Iran.

Over 12,000 folks died. WFP despatched survivors 1,500 metric tons of wheat, 270 tonnes of sugar and 27 tonnes of tea.

Others quickly wanted its assist: a hurricane made landfall in Thailand; conflict refugees wanted feeding in Algeria.

Full checklist of Nobel prize 2020

In 1963 WFP’s first college meals undertaking was born. In 1965, the company grew to become a fully-fledged UN programme.

By 2019, it will come to help 97 million folks in 88 international locations. WFP says that on any given day it has 5,600 vehicles, 30 ships and almost 100 planes on the transfer. It distributes over 15 billion rations of meals yearly.

Mission

WFP focuses on emergency help in addition to rehabilitation and improvement support. Two-thirds of its work is in conflict-affected international locations, the place persons are 3 times extra seemingly to be undernourished than elsewhere.

It works carefully with the opposite two Rome-based UN businesses: the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), which helps international locations draw up coverage and alter laws to help sustainable agriculture, and the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), which funds initiatives in poor rural areas.

WFP is funded totally by voluntary donations, most of which comes from governments. It raised $eight billion in 2019, which it says was used to present 4.2 million metric tons of meals and $2.1 billion of money and vouchers.

It has greater than 17,000 workers, with 90 p.c primarily based within the international locations the place the company gives help.

Where on this planet?

There are few locations the place the WFP has not offered help. In western Sahel within the 1970s, ravaged by drought, it used “everything in its power — from car to camel, from road to river — to assist those in need”.

It delivered 2 million tonnes of meals throughout Ethiopia’s 1984 famine. It was current in Sudan, Rwanda, and in Kosovo, then later in Asia after the 2004 tsunami, and Haiti’s 2010 earthquake.

In the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), which is struggling the second largest starvation disaster on this planet, it assisted 6.9 million folks in 2019, in addition to serving to combat a lethal Ebola virus outbreak.

It helps 4.5 million folks in war-torn Syria and 300,000 acutely malnourished youngsters in conflict-struck Nigeria.

But WFP’s largest emergency response has been in Yemen, the place it tries to feed 13 million folks every month.

Hunger at this time and coronavirus

Over 821 million folks on this planet are chronically hungry, whereas one other 135 million are going through extreme starvation or hunger, and an extra 130 million might be a part of them by the tip of 2020 due to coronavirus, the company warns.

The variety of severely meals insecure folks on this planet had already risen almost 70 p.c over the previous 4 years, and the financial fallout from the virus pandemic is predicted to spark “a hunger pandemic”, WFP mentioned.

“We urgently need more support from donors, who of course are already hard-pressed by the impact of the pandemic in their own countries”.

Coronavirus

WFP’s logistics companies used a community of hubs, passenger and cargo airlinks, and medical evacuation companies to enabled a gentle movement of cargo and employees to the frontlines of the pandemic.

The coronavirus fallout is being felt hardest in Latin America, which has seen an virtually three-fold rise within the numbers of individuals requiring meals help, in addition to West, Central and Southern Africa.

“Before the coronavirus even became an issue, I was saying that 2020 would be facing the worst humanitarian crisis since World War II,” WFP’s govt director David Beasley informed the UN safety council this yr.

“With Covid-19, we are not only facing a global health pandemic but also a global humanitarian catastrophe”.



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