An imported case of malaria, caused by a hitherto unfamiliar variant of the Plasmodium species (the malarial parasite), within the State, Plasmodium ovale, has been reported from the Kannur district hospital, mentioned a press launch issued by the Health Department right here on Thursday.
Malaria caused by Plasmodium ovale is endemic in Western Africa. It not often causes extreme sickness or loss of life. The Plasmodium variant was noticed through the laboratory investigations of a soldier who had not too long ago returned to the State from Sudan and who had approached the Kannur district hospital after he fell unwell.
Malaria caused by Plasmodium vivax and the extra harmful Plasmodium falciparum are generally reported within the State. Malaria is acquired by an individual after a chew from an contaminated mosquito. The mosquito transmits plasmodia from its saliva into the host whereas ingesting a blood meal. The plasmodia then enter the crimson blood cells and feed on the haemoglobin.
The affected person was handled promptly and a neighborhood outbreak of malaria caused by Plasmodium ovale may very well be prevented, the press launch mentioned.