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Habitat loss puts lion-tailed macaque on IUCN’s endangered list for sixth time

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The Lion-tailed macaque (Macaca silenus), a primate endemic to small and severely fragmented rainforests of the Western Ghats in Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu, continues to be within the ‘endangered’ class on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.

The newest conservation standing of the primate was up to date within the IUCN database not too long ago, based mostly on technical experiences over time from a gaggle of researchers, together with Mewa Singh of University of Mysore, Ajith Kumar of the Centre for Wildlife Studies, and Honnavalli N. Kumara of the Salim Ali Centre for Ornithology and Natural History.

According to a technical report, the whole wild inhabitants of lion-tailed macaque could possibly be about 4,000 people, consisting of lower than 2,500 mature people, made up of 47 remoted sub-populations in seven places within the three States. The inhabitants is anticipated to undergo a decline of over 20% within the subsequent 25 years owing to different causes, together with searching, street kills and habitat loss, it stated. Though the conservation standing of lion-tailed macaque had improved from ‘endangered’ within the first evaluation in 1990 to ‘vulnerable’ in 1994, its standing has remained ‘endangered’ since 1996.

The researchers have noticed that the inhabitants of the principally shy and frugivorous primate, which prefers higher canopies of evergreen rainforests, was registering a declining development in its house vary within the Western Ghats from the Kalakkad Hills within the south to Sirsi-Honnavara within the north at an altitude of 100-1,300 m.

“Fragmentation of the habitat is one of the major threats to the species. Several habitats that remain disconnected from others can be linked. There are contiguous habitats in Karnataka and Kerala. The population in the Valparai plateau of the Anamalai Tiger Reserve (ATR) can also be linked to other populations. Enough research has been done on various aspects of the conservation of the primate over the last several years, and now it is the responsibility of the authorities to implement them on the ground,” says Professor Mewa Singh of the University of Mysore.

Researchers really feel that steady monitoring is essential to understanding the inhabitants development for the administration and safety of lion-tailed macaques of their habitat. Officials of the Anamalai Tiger Reserve are making ready to estimate the lion-tailed macaque inhabitants of Valparai in October in collaboration with the Nature Conservation Foundation.



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