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Clarifying LAC could create new disputes: Chinese envoy

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China was not in favour of resuming the method of clarifying the Line of Actual Control (LAC) as a result of it could “create new disputes”, its Ambassador to India Sun Weidong stated on Thursday.

China’s troops have been on the aspect of its “traditional customary boundary line” on the northern financial institution of Pangong Lake, the place disengagement between the 2 sides is but to occur, he acknowledged.

What is the precise stage of disengagement alongside the LAC? | The Hindu In Focus podcast

That is anticipated to be taken up later this week on the fifth spherical of talks between the Corps Commanders of each armies.

The Ministry of External Affairs (MEA) stated “there has been some progress made” in direction of full disengagement alongside the LAC, “but the disengagement process has as yet not been completed”. “The Senior Commanders of the two sides will meet in the near future to work out steps in this regard,” MEA spokesperson Anurag Srivastava stated.

The Hindu Explains | Who does Galwan Valley belong to?

China’s Defence Ministry stated on Thursday the state of affairs “tends toward de-escalation and the disengagement between the border troops of the two countries is [being] gradually carried forward.” While the Foreign Ministry stated earlier this week border troops “completed disengagement in most localities”, defence sources stated it had solely been “partial” in some spots, corresponding to Patrolling Point 17A in Gogra-Hot Springs and Pangong Lake.

At Pangong Lake, following earlier talks, Chinese troops pulled again from the bottom of Finger 4, the place Beijing’s’s claimed border is, and moved to Finger 5, nonetheless properly inside the place India sees the LAC at Finger 8. The ‘fingers’ are mountain spurs on the northern financial institution of the lake.

The Chinese envoy stated, “China’s traditional customary boundary line is in accordance with the LAC” on the northern financial institution of the lake. “There is no such case that China has expanded its territorial claim,” he stated, talking at a webinar organised by the Institute of Chinese Studies (ICS) in New Delhi.

“China hopes that [Indian] border troops will strictly abide by the relevant bilateral agreements and protocols, and refrain from illegally crossing the LAC to the Chinese side,” he stated.

Asked if this summer season’s clashes, marking the worst violence on the border since 1967, had strengthened the necessity to resume the method to make clear the LAC that had been stalled since 2002, Mr. Sun stated “if one side unilaterally delimits the LAC as per its own understanding during the negotiations, that could create new disputes and that would be a departure from the original purpose of clarification of the LAC.”

“The original purpose clarification of the LAC is to maintain peace and tranquility in border areas,” he stated. “When we look back into history, we will find that if one side has unilaterally put its own perception of the LAC during the negotiations, that will create new disputes. I think that is why the process cannot move on.”

Galwan casualties

Asked if China would affirm the variety of casualties on its aspect from the June 15 conflict through which 20 Indian troopers have been killed, he stated, “What we are now doing is to make joint efforts to de-escalate the situation and ease the tension along border areas. We hope India can understand the goodwill from the Chinese side to not make contradictions even more higher.”

Ashok Kantha, former ambassador to China and director of the ICS, stated “even experienced Indian diplomats who are deeply invested in this relationship are speaking of the need for a reset in ties” and the coverage of compartmentalising the boundary dispute “had now run its course”.

Mr. Sun stated he differed with the view that relations have been at a turning level or can be reset. “Basic national conditions as two largest developing neighbours remain unchanged, orientation of being partners, of friendly cooperation and common development remain unchanged, the general structure that we can’t live without each other remains unchanged, and China’s basic policy towards India is unchanged,” he noticed.

He expressed concern at requires India to regulate its China coverage, together with on Taiwan and Hong Kong. “Taiwan, Hong Kong, Xinjiang, and Xizang [Tibet] affairs are totally China’s internal affairs,” he stated, “and bear on China’s sovereignty and security.”

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